What Does It Take to Make New Friends?

For some, making friends can be challenging, even downright difficult. Here's a step-by-step guide to making new friends and deep friendships.

Making friends

Going to a new job or school, especially if it is in a new city, brings many opportunities to learn and try new things, to see new places and make new friends from a variety of backgrounds and cultures. This can be an exciting time of personal growth. However, making new friends can be scary, especially if none of your old friends are with you. It can also be a lonely time before your social network is established.

Why We Want Friends

Loneliness means having no-one to confide in, no-one who will listen when you're low during the rough times. Without friends, it's easier to feel bad about yourself and to feel as if your problems are insurmountable. Added to that is the fear that "there is something wrong with me if I don't have friends." Friends provide status, support, fun, ideas and much more - no wonder people want friends! They are often our first source of practical help, advice and information. Having more than one friend shares the load so that you don't feel you're bothering someone with all your problems. Also, they may not be available when you need them most.

How we make things worse

It is easy to assume everyone else has friends, especially if you see them surrounded by people at social gatherings.

Starting new friendships involves taking a risk, risking rejection. If someone isn't interested in making friends with you beyond an acquaintance level, it's not necessarily a judgment about you. They may already have some friends and not feel the need or have the time to develop new friends. We also get along with people similar to ourselves. You may not be their type or they may not be your's. It is easy to fall prey to negative self-talk, such as "there's something wrong with me," or "I'm the only one who feels like this."

It may feel a little awkward at first to make the step from greeting someone in your office to inviting them for a coffee or to meet for lunch, but if you take the risk you may be rewarded by friendship. Turning a chance encounter into a friendship takes time, and can't be rushed. Take courage in the friends you had before. If you've done it before, you can do it again. Be patient and don't jump to critical conclusions about yourself.

Making new friends - first steps

  • This requires a few key social skills that can be learned - assertiveness is helpful.
  • Remind yourself that anyone in a new environment goes through an adjustment phase and in time you will make friends.
  • Resist the urge to withdraw from people, don't isolate.
  • Practice your social skills by making a daily effort to always sit beside someone in lectures and say hello to them, get involved in class discussions.
  • See your early attempts to talk to people as just a "practice session." This will make their response less of an issue. You'll be less anxious and more your natural self.
  • It may sound a bit sappy, but it works: Make a commitment to be a friend to yourself first and foremost, and see this as something you are doing to meet your needs and take care of yourself. Relax alone, and become comfortable with yourself. Find your balance between solitude and socializing. This will help you be your natural self rather than coming across as needy or desperate.
  • Get involved in a sport, music, art, religion or clubs in your area - these are great places to meet people. The sport or activity provides a natural icebreaker to overcome any initial awkwardness.

Deeper friendships - next steps

Understanding yourself a little can help. For example, if you are naturally an introvert or a shy person, you may do things very differently than the extrovert. They always seem to be surrounded by others who seem to be laughing and joking. You may find it easier to get to know people slowly one-on-one. If you think about it, you may actually prefer to have a few quiet, serious friends, rather than a lot of talkative ones. Introverted people can find it isolating if they do not fit into the drinking and loud partying culture which can be dominated by extroverts. Finding other people to have a meaningful conversation with can be a struggle.

Try listening first and talking later. Most people are happy to talk about films they have seen, books they have read, sports or even the weather. These topics provide important bridges to more important interesting stuff.

Talk about your feelings and experiences a little too, so that others start to get a sense of who you are. Be positive, enthusiastic, thoughtful and encouraging in your support and acceptance of them. Ask open questions such as "how was that for you" ... rather than questions requiring only a yes or no answer. Remember that building friendships takes time.

Try and make friends of both genders and be clear about the nature of you friendships while recognizing the boundaries that distinguish friendship from an intimate relationship. You do not have to be in an intimate or romantic relationship to meet your needs for friendship and belonging.

Friends are great in themselves and they form a vital part of your personal support network. They can throw you a lifeline when you feel like you are drowning in a crisis. Taking the time to make friends is part of taking care of yourself, and it gives you the opportunity to be a support to others when they are in need (and that can feel pretty good too!). Be aware of your good points - find them so that you can encourage others to do the same. Friendship, it's up to you to take the first step, take a deep breath and go for it!

Where do I go from here?

You can find out more about developing friendships by reading one of the all-time classics on the subject: "How to Make Friends and Influence People" by Dale Carnegie.

If you have persistent difficulties developing and maintaining friendships, then speaking with a counselor can also be helpful.

APA Reference
Staff, H. (2021, December 27). What Does It Take to Make New Friends?, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2024, July 23 from

Last Updated: February 2, 2022

Medically reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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