Alcohol Avoidance for Depression
Does cutting down on drinking alcohol, or stopping drinking altogether, help relieve depression? It's a mixed bag. Read more.
What is it?
Alcohol (chemical name ethyl alcohol or ethanol) is a liquid made from sugars by the action of yeast. The products may be drunk in their original form (for example, beer and wines), or after strengthening (for example, sherry, port and spirits). Alcohol avoidance involves cutting down or stopping drinking.
How does it work?
Heavy drinkers, and especially people addicted to alcohol, are more likely to suffer from depression. There are two main ways in which cutting out alcohol may help with depression:
- It is thought that heavy drinking can lead directly to depression and so cutting out alcohol will reverse this effect.
- It can help by reducing problems caused by drinking, such as money problems, problems at work and relationship problems.
Is it effective?
Studies of alcoholics show that they often suffer from depression and that their depression improves rapidly when they stop drinking. However, these studies are based on people who are being treated for serious drinking problems rather than people chosen because they are depressed. Their short-term improvements may also not last because many alcoholics take up drinking again. There is no evidence that cutting out alcohol helps lift mood in people who do not have drinking problems.
Are there any disadvantages?
Giving up alcohol can produce withdrawal effects. Drinking alcohol also helps protect against heart disease. In general, however, there are many advantages for physical health by giving up heavy drinking.
Where do you get it?
People can cut down on their drinking without outside help, but there are also services and organizations for this. See the Drug & Alcohol Counseling section of the Yellow Pages. People with long-term drinking problems and anyone who is dependent on alcohol are more likely to need expert help.
Avoiding alcohol can be helpful for people who have drinking problems. However, there is no evidence on whether it is helpful for most people suffering from depression.
Brown SA, Schuckit, MA. Changes in depression among abstinent alcoholics. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1988; 49: 412-417.
Davidson KM. Diagnosis of depression in alcohol dependence: changes in prevalence with drinking status. British Journal of Psychiatry 1995; 166: 199-204.
Merikangas KR, Gelernter CS. Comorbidity for alcoholism and depression. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 1990; 13: 613-632.
Vaillaint GE. Is alcoholism more often the cause or the result of depression? Harvard Review of Psychiatry 1993; 1: 94-99.
Staff, H. (2008, December 12). Alcohol Avoidance for Depression, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2023, June 6 from https://www.healthyplace.com/alternative-mental-health/depression-alternative/alcohol-avoidance-for-depression