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Relationships Between Men's and Women's Body Image and Their Psychological, Social, and Sexual Functioning (Part 2)

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Table I. Height, Weight, and BMI by Gender and Age Group

Height (cm)

Weight (kg)

Body mass index (BMI)

Age Group

M

SD

M

SD

M

SD

Women
18-29 165.24 7.26 63.08 12.01 23.24 4.35
30-49 164.28 7.42 71.32 17.28 26.43 6.23
50-86 162.54 7.56 69.72 13.29 26.46 5.22
Overall 164.00 7.44 68.63 15.13 25.60 5.63
Men
18-29 179.68 8.03 74.87 12.48 23.18 3.55
30-49 180.45 7.22 83.72 14.14 25.75 3.84
50-86 175.69 7.66 82.26 12.66 26.65 3.30
Overall 178.34 7.87 79.84 13.56 25.13 3.86

 

Table II. Body Image Scores by Gender and Age Group

Physical attractiveness

Body image satisfaction

Group

M

SD

M

SD

Gender
Women 18.57 3.51 31.23 8.56
Men 18.51 3.57 35.46 7.21
Age  
18-29 19.80 3.68 33.41 7.56
30-49 18.11 3.49 31.73 8.82
50-86 18.00 3.24 34.80 7.95

Body Image Importance

Body concealment

Group M SD M SD
Gender
Women 32.00 7.44 15.40 5.72
Men 30.94 7.61 9.77 4.73
Age
18-29 30.83 7.93 12.12 5.12
30-49 31.60 7.03 14.07 6.39
50-86 31.93 7.77 11.91 6.07

Body improvement

Social physique anxiety

Group M SD M SD
Gender
Women 9.22 3.74 34.50 9.46
Men 8.70 3.70 27.68 8.11
Age
18-29 9.40 3.41 32.47 9.27
30-49 9.05 3.38 32.92 9.95
50-86 8.62 3.45 28.25 8.45

Appearance comparison

Group M SD
Gender
Women 10.98 3.29
Men 9.17 3.35
Age
18-29 11.00 3.48
30-49 10.64 3.25
50-86 8.76

3.18


 


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Table III. Unique Body Image Predictors From Regression Equations
That Significantly Increased the Prediction of Psychological Functioning
at Step 2 Among Men and Women of Different Age Groups

Unique body
Outcome variable Group image predictors [sr.sup.2]
Self-esteem Women 18-29 None --

Women 30-49

Social physique anxiety .06

Body Image Importance

.05

Women 50-86

Physical attractiveness .13

Men 18-29

Physical attractiveness .07

Body image importance

.07

Men 30-49

Body concealment .10

Men 50-86

Appearance comparison .08

Body image satisfaction

.07
Depression Women 50-86 Social physique anxiety .08
Anxiety Women 50-86 None --

Men 50-86

Appearance comparison

.11

 

Table IV. Unique Body Image Predictors From Regression Equations
That Significantly Increased the Prediction of Social and Sexual Functioning
at Step 2 Among Men and Women of Different Age Groups

Unique body

Outcome variable Group image predictors [sr.sup.2]
Social anxiety Women 50-86 Social physique anxiety .08

Body improvement

.07

Men 30-49

Appearance comparison .08
Same-sex relations Men 30-49 Physical attractiveness .13
Opposite-sex relations Men 18-29 Body concealment .09
Sexual self-efficacy Men 30-49 Body satisfaction .09
Sexual satisfaction Men 30-49 Appearance comparison .12

Body concealment

.10

Body satisfaction

.08
Sexual optimism Women 30-49 None --

Men 30-49

Social physique anxiety .18

 

 

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Tanya E. Davison (1) and Marita P. McCabe (1,2)

(1) School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.

APA Reference
Staff, H. (2005, April 2). Relationships Between Men's and Women's Body Image and Their Psychological, Social, and Sexual Functioning (Part 2), HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2020, April 8 from https://www.healthyplace.com/sex/body-image/relationships-between-mens-and-womens-body-image-2

Last Updated: June 29, 2019

Medically reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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