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Depression References

References for depression articles on HealthyPlace.com

Depression Information

What is Depression? Depression Definition and Checklist

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2WebMD, Mental Health and Adjustment Disorder: http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-health-adjustment-disorder

Types of Depression – Different Types of Depression

1General reference for article: Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2Medscape Reference, Dysthymic Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/913941

Signs of Depression: Depression Warning Signs

1HelpGuide.org, Understanding Depression: http://helpguide.org/mental/depression_signs_types_diagnosis_treatment.htm

Depression Diagnosis and How is Depression Diagnosed?

1American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Text Revision. 4th Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.

2Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759-clinical

3Medscape Reference, History and Mental Status Evaluation: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/293402

Depression Facts – Depression Statistics

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759-clinical

2Livestrong.com, Long-Term Effects of Untreated Depression: http://www.livestrong.com/article/69705-longterm-effects-untreated-depression/

Depression Test for Teenagers

1National Institute of Mental Illness, Depression in Children and Adolescents (Fact Sheet): http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-in-children-and-adolescents/index.shtml

How Do I Use the FMLA as an Employee with Depression?

Advisors Law Group, “FMLA – Does Depression Qualify.” Federated Employment Practices Network, 2014.

Mental Health America, “Can I Use FMLA for Mental Health?” Accessed November 19, 2019.

United States Department of Labor, “Fact Sheet #28: The Family and Medical Leave Act.” Accessed November 19, 2019.

United States Department of Labor, “Need Time: The Employee’s Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Act.” Accessed November 20, 2019.

Is Depression a Disability? Can You Get Accommodations?

Accommodations for disabilities. Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). Retrieved October 2019 from https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/college-students/accommodations

Can I work with depression? (n.d.). Disability Benefits Center. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.disabilitybenefitscenter.org/disability-work/depression

Dejesus, A. (2017). Depression and the VA. Hill & Ponton. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.hillandponton.com/depression-and-the-va/

How to get a higher VA disability rating for depression. (2019). Veterans Disability Information. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.veteransdisabilityinfo.com/blog.php?article=get-a-higher-va-disability-rating-for-depression_386

Is depression a disability? (2019). Better Help. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.betterhelp.com/advice/depression/is-depression-a-disability/

Major depression. (n.d.) National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/major-depression.shtml

Morton, D. (n.d.). Social security disability and SSI for depression. Disability Secrets. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.disabilitysecrets.com/win-can-you-get-disability-for-depression.html

Thompson, K. (n.d.). Depression and disability: A practical guide. The North Carolina Office on Disability and Health. Retrieved October 2019 from https://fpg.unc.edu/sites/fpg.unc.edu/files/resources/other-resources/NCODH_Depression.pdf

What is the History of Depression?

Horowitz, A., Luaces-Lorenzo, L., & Wakefield, C. (2016). History of Depression. In R.J. DeRubeis & D. R. Strunk (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Mood Disorders (pp. 1-24). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301219610_History_of_Depression

Paykel, E.S. (2008). Basic concepts of depression. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 10(3), 279-289. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181879/

Schimelpfening, N. (2019). The history of depression. verywell mind. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.verywellmind.com/who-discovered-depression-1066770

Can You Help Me Understand Depression? Depression Explained

American Psychiatric Association. (2013.). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Depression explained. (n.d.). Better Health Victoria. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/depression

Lazarus, C. (2017). Understanding depression: Why depression is a potentially incapacitating and sometimes lethal illness. Psychology Today. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/think-well/201711/understanding-depression

Understanding depression. (n.d.). neuroCare. Retrieved November 2019 https://www.neurocaregroup.com/understanding-depression.html

Depression Prevention: Is It Possible to Prevent Depression?

Cuijpers, P., Beekman, A. T. F., & Reynolds, III, C. F. (2012, March 14). Preventing depression. JAMA, 307 (10), 1033-1034. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.271

Muñoz, R. F., Cuijpers, P., Smit, F., Barrera, A. Z., & Leykin, Y. (2010).Prevention of major depression. Annual Review Clinical Psychology, 6, 181–212. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-033109-132040  

Smit, F., Willemse, G., Koopmanschap, M., Onrust, S., Cuijpers, P., & Beekman, A. (2006). Cost-effectiveness of preventing depression in primary care patients: Randomised trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 330–336. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.188.4.330

World Health Organization. (2019, December 4). Depression. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/depression

Symptoms of Depresion

What Are the Symptoms of Depression and Depressive Disorder?

Burgess, L., “What Is Psychomotor Agitation?” Medical News Today, October 17, 2017.

Dictionary.com, Psychomotor Retardation. Retrieved November 7, 2019.

Halverson, J., Depression. Medscape, Updated October 7, 2019.

Weiller, E., et al, “Prevalence of Brief Recurrent Depression in Primary Care”. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, November 1994.

How Can I Deal with All of This Anger from Depression?

Anxiety and Depression Association of America, Depression. Accessed November 11, 2019.

Fisher, L., et al, “The Role of Anger/Hostility in Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Secondary Analysis from the ADAPTY-A Study.” The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, October 2015.

NHS, Anger. Updated October 2019.

Ou, C., Hall, W., “Anger in the Context of Postnatal Depression: An Integrative Review.” Birth, December 2018.

Sahu, A., et al, “Depression Is More Than Just Sadness: A Case of Excessive Anger and Its Management in Depression.” Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, January 2014.

What Are the Physical Symptoms of Depression?

Halverson, J., Depression Clinical Presentation. Medscape, October 2019.

Trivedi, M., “The Link Between Depression and Physical Symptoms.” Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2004.

Depression and Motivation: Why Can’t I Get Moving?

Halverson, J., Depression Clinical Presentation. Medscape, October 2019.

MedicalNewsToday, “Tips for Finding Motivation with Depression.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Sherdell, L., et al, “Anticipatory Pleasure Predicts Motivation for Reward in Major Depression.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, February 2012.

Is This Depression or Laziness? How to Tell the Difference

Baddeley, J. (2009). The laziness myth. Does laziness exist? Psychology Today. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/embracing-the-dark-side/200903/the-laziness-myth

Barhum, L. (2018). Why does depression make you feel tired? Medical News Today. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322264.php

Blurt Team. (2017). Depression: We’re not being lazy. Blurt. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.blurtitout.org/2017/09/12/depression-were-not-being-lazy/

Burton, N. (2014). The psychology of laziness. Psychology Today. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hide-and-seek/201410/the-psychology-laziness

Ghanean, H., Ceniti, A.D., & Kennedy, S.H. (2018). Fatigue in patients with major depressive disorder: Prevalence, burden, and pharmacological approaches to management. CNS Drugs, 32(1), 65-74. Retrieved November 2017 from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40263-018-0490-z

Smith, P. (2019). Why depression makes you so damn tired all the time. HuffPost. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/depression-tired_l_5c6c3fcae4b012225acd8663

What’s the Relationship Between Depression and Sleep?

Depression and sleep. (n.d.). National Sleep Foundation. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.sleepfoundation.org/articles/depression-and-sleep

Depression and sleep: Understanding the connection. (n.d.). Johns Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/depression-and-sleep-understanding-the-connection

Harvard Mental Health Letter. (n.d.). Sleep and mental health. Harvard Health Publishing. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/sleep-and-mental-health                        

Nyer, M., Farabaugh, A., Fehling, K., Soskin, D., Holt, D., Papakostas, G.I., Pedrelli, P., Fava, M., Pisoni, A., Vitolo, O., & Mischoulon, D. (2013). Relationship between sleep disturbance and depression, anxiety, and functioning in college students. Depression and Anxiety, (30), 9, 873-880. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3791314/

How to Deal with Depression and Fatigue

Aiken, C. (2019). Two ways to treat fatigue in bipolar and depression. Psychiatric Times. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/bipolar-disorder/two-ways-treat-fatigue-bipolar-and-depression

Barhum, L. (2018). Why does depression make you feel tired? Medical News Today. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322264.php      

Jaret, P. (n.d.). Depression and insomnia. WebMD. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.webmd.com/depression/features/sleep-problems#1

Peterson, T.J. (2018). List of best foods for fighting depression. HealthyPlace. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.healthyplace.com/depression/food-and-depression/list-of-best-foods-for-fighting-depression

Self-help tips to fight tiredness. (2018). National Health Service (NHS) UK. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/sleep-and-tiredness/self-help-tips-to-fight-fatigue/

How to Deal with Depression and Weight Loss or Weight Gain

Allen, J. (n.d.). Why does depression cause you to lose weight even thought you eat a lot? Livestrong. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.livestrong.com/article/330360-why-does-depression-cause-you-to-lose-weight-even-though-you-eat-a-lot/

Holland, K. (2018). Are obesity and depression related? And 9 other FAQs. Healthline. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/obesity-and-depression

Jennings, K. (2018). 16 simple ways to relieve stress and anxiety. Healthline. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/16-ways-relieve-stress-anxiety

Radcliffe, S. (2019). Here’s how treating obesity and depression at the same time can help. Healthline. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health-news/study-finds-best-way-to-help-people-with-depression-lose-weight

Shimer Bowers, E. (2012). Weight management tips for people with depression. Everyday Health. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.everydayhealth.com/hs/major-depression/weight-management-for-depression/

Stoller-Conrad, J. (2015). Microbes help produce serotonin in gut. Caltech. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/microbes-help-produce-serotonin-gut-46495

What to Do When Depression and Loneliness Overtake You

Broderick, P.C. & Blewitt, P. (2006). The life span: Human development for helping professionals (2nd Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Horne, C. (2019). The cycle of depression loneliness. betterhelp. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.betterhelp.com/advice/loneliness/the-cycle-of-depression-loneliness/

McLeod, S. (2018). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Simply Psychology. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html

Whitbourne, S. (2018). 5 ways to keep loneliness from turning into depression. Psychology Today. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201811/5-ways-keep-loneliness-turning-depression

Ypsilanti, A., Lazuras, L., Powell, P. & Overton, P. (2018). Self-disgust as a potential mechanism explaining the association between loneliness and depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 243, 108-115. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30241025

Depression and Crying: Why Can’t I Just Stop Crying?

Gračanin, A., Bylsma, L. M., & Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M. (2014) Is crying a self-soothing behavior?. Frontiers in Psychology, 5(502). Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262664292_Gracanin_A_Bylsma_L_M_Vingerhoets_A_J_J_M_2014_Is_crying_a_self-soothing_behavior_Frontiers_in_Psychology_5_502_doi_103389fpsyg201400502#pfe

York Morris, S. (2018). Why can’t I stop crying? healthline. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/i-cant-stop-crying

Why Does Depression Cause Memory Loss?

Beblo, T., Kater, L., Baetge, S., Driessen, M., & Piefke, M. (2016). Memmory performance of patience with major depression in an everyday situation. Psychiatry Research, 248, 28-34. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0165178116308666

Sapolsky, R.M. (2001). Depression, antidepressants, and the shrinking hippocampus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(22), 12320-12322. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC60045/

Scaccia, A. (2016). Can depression cause memory loss? healthline. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/depression-and-memory-loss

Westman, N. (2019). Depression’s impact on memory. BrainFacts.org. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.brainfacts.org/diseases-and-disorders/mental-health/2019/depressions-impact-on-memory-022119

What’s a Depression Attack? How Do I Fight Back?

American Psychiatric Association. (2013.). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Griffin, E.J. (2014).  What depression does to our minds when it attacks. Psychiatric Times, 31(5). Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/major-depressive-disorder/what-depression-does-our-minds-when-it-attacks

Leonard, J. (2018). How to cope with a depressive episode. MedicalNewsToday. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322495.php

What is a major depressive episode? (n.d.). Bridges to Recovery. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.bridgestorecovery.com/major-depression/what-is-a-major-depressive-episode/

Signs of Depression

Pede, V., et al, “Study of Prodromal and Residual Symptoms of Depression.” Industrial Psychiatry Journal, July 2017.

Smith, M., Robinson, L., and Segal, J., Depression Symptoms and Warning Signs. HelpGuide, Updated October 2019.

Causes of Depression

Causes of Depression: What Causes Depression?

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2Mayo Clinic, Stress, genetics can trigger depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stress-and-depression/MY01649

What Caused the Depression?

1PubMed, Contraception choices in women with underlying medical conditions: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20842989

2Depression-guide.com, Depression and Alcohol Abuse – Alcohol Depression: http://www.depression-guide.com/alcohol-and-depression.htm

3Mayo Clinic, Alcohol and depression: What are the risks? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/alcohol-and-depression/MY01078

4Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Misery Has More Company Than People Think: Underestimating the Prevalence of Others' Negative Emotions: http://timewellness.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/jordan-et-al-2011-misery-has-more-company.pdf DOI: 10.1177/0146167210390822

5Mayo Clinic, Marijuana and depression: What's the link? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/marijuana-and-depression/AN01900

6ScienceDaily, Cannabis: Potent Anti-Depressant In Low Doses, Worsens Depression At High Doses: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071023183937.htm

7Mayo Clinic, Junk food blues: Are diet and depression linked? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression-and-diet/AN02057

8Mayo Clinic, Caffeine and depression: Is there a link? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/caffeine-and-depression/AN01700

9Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

10National Institute of Mental Health, FDA Warnings on Antidpressants: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/fda-warnings-on-antidepressants.shtml

11HelpGuide.org, Postpartum Depression and the Baby Blues: http://helpguide.org/mental/postpartum_depression.htm

Which Medications Cause Depression?

Levine, H. (2018). Can your medications cause depression? Consumer Reports. Retrieved December 2018
 from https://www.consumerreports.org/drugs/can-medications-cause-depression/

Rogers, D. & Pies, R. (2008). General medical drugs associated with depression. Psychiatry (Edgmont),
5(12), 28-41. Retrieved December 2018 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2729620/

University of Illinois at Chicago (2018). One-third of US adults may unknowingly use medications that can
cause depression: Polypharmacy on the rise.
Science Daily. Retrieved December 2018 from https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180612185204.htm

WebMD Medical Reference. (n.d.). Depression: Medicines that cause depression. MedicineNet.
Retrieved December 2018 from https://www.medicinenet.com/medicines_that_cause_depression/article.htm

What Are the Risk Factors for Depression?

Breton, J-J., Labelle, R., Berthiaume, C., Royer, C., St-Georges, M., Ricard, D., Abadie, P., Gérardin, P., Cohen, D., & Guilé, J-M. (2015). Protective factors against depression and suicidal behavior in adolescence. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 60(2 Suppl. 1), S5-S-15. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4345848/

Depression among women.  (2019). Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/depression/index.htm

Healthline Editorial Team. (2016). Risk factors for depression. healthline. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/risk-factors#1

Levine, D. (2017). What are the risk factors for depression? (2017). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved November 2019 from https://health.usnews.com/health-care/patient-advice/articles/2017-04-11/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-depression

Mayo Clinic Staff. (n.d.). Depression (major depressive disorder). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/symptoms-causes/syc-20356007

Causes of Depression: What Causes Depression?

Depression and the brain. (n.d.). Queensland Brain Institute. Retrieved November 2019 from https://qbi.uq.edu.au/brain/brain-diseases/depression/depression-and-brain

Depression basics. (n.d.) National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/index.shtml#pub3

MacGill, M. (2017). What is depression and what can I do about it? Medical News Today. Retrieved November 2017 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/kc/depression-causes-symptoms-treatments-8933

Thompson, K. (n.d.). Depression and disability: A practical guide. The North Carolina Office on Disability and Health. Retrieved October 2019 from https://fpg.unc.edu/sites/fpg.unc.edu/files/resources/other-resources/NCODH_Depression.pdf  

What causes depression? (n.d.). Beyond Blue. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/depression/what-causes-depression

Is Depression Genetic or Hereditary?

Depression. (n.d.). Your guide to understanding genetic conditions. Genetics Home Reference. Retrieved
November 2019 from https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/depression#

Dunn, E.C., Brown, R.C., Dai, Y., Rosand, J., Nugent, N.R., Amstadter, A.B., & Smoller, J.W. Genetic
determinants of depression: Recent findings and future directions. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 23(1), 1-18. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4309382/

Levinson, D.R., & Nichols, W.E. (n.d.). Major depression and genetics. Genetics of Brain Function,
Stanford School of Medicine. Retrieved November 2019 from http://med.stanford.edu/depressiongenetics/mddandgenes.html

Meaney, M.J. (2015). Is depression hereditary? Psychology Today. Retrieved November 2015 from
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hope-through-research/201509/is-depression-hereditary

Paddock, C. (2019). Scientists quash claims about single ‘depression genes.’  Medical News Today.
Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324884.php#1

Is Depression a Chemical Imbalance?

Arkowitz, H. & Lilienfield, S.O. (2014). Is depression just bad chemistry? Scientific American. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-depression-just-bad-chemistry/  

Rathje, S. (2018). Don’t say that depression is caused by a chemical imbalance. Psychology Today. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/words-matter/201808/dont-say-depression-is-caused-chemical-imbalance

Tyrrell, M. & Elliott, R. (n.d.). Medical causes of depression. clinical-depression.co.uk. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.clinical-depression.co.uk/dlp/depression-information/medical-causes-of-depression/

How to Manage Having Depression for No Reason

Peterson, T.J. (2013). Break Free: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in 3 Steps. Berkeley: Althea
Press.

Schimelpfening, N. (2019). How can a person be depressed for no reason? verywell mind. Retrieved
December 2019 from https://www.verywellmind.com/how-can-a-person-be-depressed-for-no-reason-1066765

Are There Such Things as Depression Hormones?

Brazier, Y. (2017, May 25). What you need to know about HRT. Retrieved from: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/181726.php

Depression, the thyroid, and hormones. (2019, March 22). Retrieved from: https://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depression-the-thyroid-and-hormones#1

Gabbey, A. E. (2017, June 19). Causes of Depression. Retrieved from:  https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/causes#causes

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2019, March 19). Stress management. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/stress/art-20046037

Molaie, A. M. & Maguire, J. (2018). Neuroendocrine abnormalities following traumatic brain injury: An important contributor to neuropsychiatric sequelae. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 9, 176. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00176

Tan, C. L., Alavi, S. A., Baldeweg, S. E., Belli, A., Carson, A., Feeney, C., Goldstone, A. P., Greenwood, R., Menon, D. K., Simpson, H. L., Toogood, A. A., Gurnell, M. & Hutchinson, P. J. (2017). The screening and management of pituitary dysfunction following traumatic brain injury in adults: British neurotrauma group guidance. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 88(11), 971-981. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2016-315500

Why Does Depression on My Birthday Happen Every Year?

Dittmann, M. (2003, May). Fighting ageism. Monitor on Psychology, 34(5), 50. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/monitor/may03/fighting

Mayo Clinic Health System. (2017, May 18). Helping people, changing lives: The 6 health benefits of volunteering. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinichealthsystem.org/hometown-health/speaking-of-health/helping-people-changing-lives-the-6-health-benefits-of-volunteering

Can You Get Depression from Social Media?

Bessière, K., Pressman, S., Kiesler, S., & Kraut, R. (2010). Effects of internet use on health and depression: A longitudinal study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 12(1), 78–91. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1149

Heffer, T., Good, M., Daly, O., MacDonell, E., & Willoughby, T. (2019). The longitudinal association between social media use and depressive symptoms among adolescents and young adults: An empirical reply to Twenge et al. (2018). Clinical Psychological Science, 7(3), 462-470. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702618812727

Kross, E., Verduyn, P., Demiralp, E., Park, J., Lee, D. S., Lin, N., & Ybarra, O. (2013). Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well‐being in young adults. PLoS ONE, 8(8), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069841

Lin, L. Y., Sidani, J. E., Shensa, A., Radovic, A., Miller, E., Colditz, J. B., & Primack, B. A. (2016). Association between social media use and depression among U.S. young adults. Depression and Anxiety, 33(4), 323–331. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22466

Melissa G. Hunt, Rachel Marx, Courtney Lipson, and Jordyn Young (2018). No More FOMO: Limiting Social Media Decreases Loneliness and Depression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 37(10), 751-768.
https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2018.37.10.751

Merolli, M., Gray, K., & Martin‐Sanchez, F. (2014). Therapeutic affordances of social media: Emergent themes from a global online survey of people with Chronic Pain. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(12), e284. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.3494

Radovic, A., Gmelin, T., Stein, B. D., & Miller, E. (2017). Depressed adolescents' positive and negative use of social media. Journal of Adolescence, 55, 5–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.12

Robinson, A., Bonnette, A., Howard, K., Ceballos, N., Dailey, S., Lu, Y., & Grimes, T. (2019). Social comparisons, social media addiction, and social interaction: An examination of specific social media behaviors related to major depressive disorder in a millennial population. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 24(1), e12158. https://doi.org/10.1111/jabr.12158

Is It Possible to Get Depression from Birth Control Medication?

Anderl, C., Li, G., & Chen, F.S., “Oral Contraceptive Use in Adolescence Predicts Lasting Vulnerability to Depression in Adulthood.” The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, August 2019.

Guttmacher Institute, “July 2018 Fact Sheet: Contraceptive Use in the United States.” Accessed December 21, 2019.

National Institute of Mental Health, “Major Depression.”

Skovlund, C.W., et al, “Association of Hormonal Contraception with Depression.” JAMA Psychiatry, November 2016.

Worly, B.L., Gur, T.L., & Shaffir, J., “The Relationship Between Progestin Hormonal Contraception and Depression: A Systematic Review.” Contraception, June 2018.

Effects of Depression

Effects of Depression: Physical, Social Effects of Depression

1Mayo Clinic, Depression and Pregnancy: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression-and-pregnancy/MY00415

2Mayo Clinic, Depression and pregnancy: What you need to know: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression-and-pregnancy/MY00981

3PubMed Central, Amygdala volume in Major Depressive Disorder: A meta-analysis of magnetic resonance imaging studies: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2739676/ doi: 10.1038/mp.2008.57

4Livestrong.com, Long-Term Effects of Untreated Depression: http://www.livestrong.com/article/69705-longterm-effects-untreated-depression/

What are the Side Effects of Depression?

Campbell, K. (2017.). Know your serotonin: An interview with gut-brain axis researcher Elaine Hsiao. Gut Microbiota for Health. Retrieved October 2019 from  https://www.gutmicrobiotaforhealth.com/en/know-serotonin-interview-gut-brain-axis-researcher-elaine-hsiao/

Case, H. (2016). Can depression affect your ability to think? healthline. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/managing-major-depressive-disorder/can-depression-affect-your-ability-to-think#1

Pietrangelo, A. & Cherney, K. (2017). The effects of depression in your body. healthline. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/effects-on-body#1

WebMD Medical Reference. (2015.). Untreated depression. WebMD. Retrieved October 2019 from https://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/untreated-depression-effects#1

What to Do When You’re Living with Depression for Years

Living with chronic depression. (2014). Psychiatric Disorders and Mental Health Issues. Retrieved November 2019 from http://psychiatric-disorders.com/psychiatric-disorders/living-with-chronic-depression/

Madell, R. (2016). Battling the Stress of Living with Chronic Illness. healthline. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/chronic-illness#1                        

Managing chronic depression. (2009). Harvard Health Publishing: Harvard Medical School. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/managing-chronic-depression

Mayo Clinic Staff. (n.d.). Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/persistent-depressive-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20350929

What’s the Relationship Between Depression and Alcohol?

Does alcohol cause depression? (n.d.). Clearview Treatment Programs. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.clearviewtreatment.com/blog/alcoholism-cause-depression/

Fabian, R. (2018). Is drinking making you depressed? The Talkspace Voice. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.talkspace.com/blog/is-drinking-making-you-depressed/

How alcohol makes your depression symptoms worse. (n.d.). Clearview Treatment Programs. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.clearviewtreatment.com/blog/depression-symptoms-alcohol/

Shivani, R., Goldsmith, R.J., & Anthenelli, R.M. (2002). Alcoholism and Psychiatric Disorders Diagnostic Challenges. Alcohol Research & Health, 26(2), 90-98. Retrieved November 2019 from https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh26-2/90-98.htm

Thompson, K. (n.d.). Depression and disability: A practical guide. The North Carolina Office on Disability and Health. Retrieved October 2019 from https://fpg.unc.edu/sites/fpg.unc.edu/files/resources/other-resources/NCODH_Depression.pdf

What are Depression Thoughts? How Do They Affect You?

Davies, J. (2017). What are automatic negative thoughts and how to deal with them. Learning Mind. Retrieved November 2017 from https://www.learning-mind.com/automatic-negative-thoughts/

Marano, H.E. (2001). Depression doing the thinking: Take action right now to convert negative to positive thinking. Psychology Today. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/articles/200107/depression-doing-the-thinking      

Smith, Y. (2018). Intrusive thoughts and depression. News: Medical Life Sciences. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Intrusive-Thoughts-and-Depression.aspx     

Thompson, K. (n.d.). Depression and disability: A practical guide. The North Carolina Office on Disability and Health. Retrieved October 2019 from https://fpg.unc.edu/sites/fpg.unc.edu/files/resources/other-resources/NCODH_Depression.pdf  

Thoughts and depression. (n.d.). Psychology Tools. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/thoughts-and-depression/

Atypical Depression

What is Atypical Depression? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

1WebMD, Atypical Depression: http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/atypical-depression

2Mayo Clinic, Atypical Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/atypical-depression/DS01181

3Medscape Reference, Atypical Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

Dysthymia

Dysthymia (Chronic Depression) – Signs, Symptoms, Treatment

1Medscape Reference, Dysthymic Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/290686

Major Depresion

What is Clinical Depression? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

1Mayo Clinic, Depression (Major Depression): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression/DS00175

Major Depression (Major Depressive Disorder) Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2Mayo Clinic, Depression (Major Depression): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression/DS00175

MDD: DSM Criteria for Major Depressive Disorder

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

Psychotic Depression Symptoms and Treatment

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

Major Depression (MDD) Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

American Psychiatric Association. (2013.). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Depression. (n.d.). American Psychological Association. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.apa.org/topics/depression/index

Depression. (n.d.) National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml

Harvard Medical School. (2018.). Major depression. Harvard Health Publishing. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/major-depression-a-to-z

Postpartum Depression

What is Postpartum Depression (PPD), Postnatal Depression?

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2Mayo Clinic, Postpartum Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/postpartum-depression/DS00546

Postpartum Depression Signs and Symptoms

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2Mayo Clincic, Postpartum Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/postpartum-depression/DS00546

Postpartum Depression Treatment

1Medscape Reference, Postpartum Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/271662

Postpartum Depression Help and Support

1http://www.postpartum.net/Default.aspx

2http://www.postpartumprogress.com/

3http://www.ppdsupportpage.com/

Baby Blues and Postpartum Depression: What's the Difference?

1Mayo Clinic, Postpartum Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/postpartum-depression/DS00546

2Medscape Reference, Postpartum Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/271662

Postpartum Depression Scale, Postpartum Depression Screening

1Massachusetts General Hospital, Quiz Results: Are you suffering from Postpartum Depression?: http://www.womensmentalhealth.org/quiz-results-are-you-suffering-from-postpartum-depression/

What is Postpartum Psychosis?

1Medscape Reference, Postpartum Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/271662

2HelpGuide.org, Postpartum Depression and the Baby Blues: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/postpartum_depression.htm

Postpartum Depression in Men

1Daily Press, Postpartum depression hits dads, too: http://articles.dailypress.com/2010-11-24/health/dp-nws-sad-dads-evg-20101124_1_postpartum-depression-dads-mental-health-problems

2HealingWell.com, Postpartum Depression Hits Dada, Too: http://news.healingwell.com/index.php?p=news1&id=534203

3Medscape Reference, Postpartum Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/271662

4WomensHealth.gov, Depressed Dads More Likely to Spank, Shortchange Kids: Study: http://www.womenshealth.gov/news/english/650779.htm

PMDD

PMDD (Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder) Symptoms, Treatment

1Medscape Reference, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/293257

Seasonal Depression Disorder

What is Seasonal Depression Disorder? Symptoms, Treatment

1Mayo Clinic, Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/seasonal-affective-disorder/DS00195

2PubMed.org, Modafinil treatment in patients with seasonal affective disorder/winter depression: an open-label pilot study. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15306145

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Symptoms – Who's At Risk

1Wikipedia, Seasonal affective disorder: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seasonal_depression

2Mayo Clinic, Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/seasonal-affective-disorder/DS00195

3Mayo Clinic, Depression (major depression): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/light-therapy/MY01086

SAD Light: Seasonal Depression Light Therapy for SAD

1Mayo Clinic, Depression (major depression): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/light-therapy/MY01086

2PsychEducation.org, Light Therapies for Depression: http://psycheducation.org/depression/LightTherapy.htm

3Mayo Clinic, Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/seasonal-affective-disorder/DS00195

4PsychEducation.org, Bipolar Disorder, Light and Darkness: Treatment Implications: 5 http://psycheducation.org/depression/LightDark.htm

5Mayo Clinic, Seasonal Affective Disorder, In-Depth: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/seasonal-affective-disorder-treatment/DN00013

How to Beat the Winter Blues

1Msnbc.com, Lighten Up! How to Beat Back Winter Blues: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34509511/ns/health-mental_health/t/lighten-how-beat-back-winter-blues/

Children

Depression in Children: Overview of Child Depression

1Medscape Reference, Pediatric Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/914192

2National Institute on Mental Health, Suicide in the U.S.: Statistics and Prevention: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/suicide-in-the-us-statistics-and-prevention/index.shtml

Recognizing Symptoms of Depression in Teens and Children

1Medscape Reference, Pediatric Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/914192

2Mayo Clinic, Teen Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/teen-depression/DS01188

Teenage Depression-Signs, Symptoms, Antidepressants

1Mayo Clinic, Teenage Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/teen-depression/DS01188

Antidepressants for Children: Important Information for Parents

1Mayo Clinic, Depression treatment for children: What works? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression-treatment/AN00685

2Medscape Reference, Pediatric Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/914192

3Medscape Reference, Fluoxetine (Rx): http://reference.medscape.com/drug/prozac-sarafem-fluoxetine-342955#1

4Medscape Reference, Sertraline (Rx): http://reference.medscape.com/drug/zoloft-sertraline-342962#1

5Medscape Reference, Fluvoxamine (Rx): http://reference.medscape.com/drug/luvox-cr-fluvoxamine-342956#1

6Medscape Reference, Imipramine (Rx): http://reference.medscape.com/drug/tofranil-pm-imipramine-342941#1

7Medscape Reference, Desipramine (Rx): http://reference.medscape.com/drug/norpramin-desipramine-342939#1

8Medscape Reference, Amitriptyline (Rx): http://reference.medscape.com/drug/levate-amitriptyline-342936#1

Men

Depression in Men: Understanding Male Depression

1The Royal College of Psychiatrists, Depression in Men: http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mentalhealthinfoforall/problems/depression/mendepression.aspx

2Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759-clinical

3Men Web, Men and Depression: http://www.menweb.org/realivue.htm

Important Depression Symptoms in Men

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2Mayo Clinic, Male depression: Understanding the issues: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/male-depression/MC00041

Women

Depression in Women: Understanding Female Depression

1These are also in another section where the DSM diagnostic criteria are listed. It seems that the wording is important when taking diagnostic criteria directly from the DSM so I didn't want to change the verbiage.

2Psychosomatics, Suicide Risk Assessment: A Review of Risk Factors for Suicide in 100 Patients Who Made Severe Suicide Attempts:http://psy.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/40/1/18

3National Institute on Mental Health, Suicide in the U.S.: Statistics and Prevention: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/suicide-in-the-us-statistics-and-prevention/index.shtml

How Symptoms of Depression Affect Women

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

2HelpGuide.org, Depression in Women: http://helpguide.org/mental/depression_women.htm

Treatment of Depression

Depression Treatment Options

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759-overview

Best Depression Treatment

1National Institute of Mental Health, Depression: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/index.shtml

2HealthyPlace, What is the Best Treatment for Depression: http://www.healthyplace.com/depression/treatment/best-depression-treatment/menu-id-68/

Major Depression Treatment

1NARSAD now called The Brain and Behavior Research Fund: http://www.narsad.org/index.php

2Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

Stop Depression: Can You Cure Depression?

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

List of Antidepressants – List of Medications for Depression

1Medscape Reference, Psychiatry: http://reference.medscape.com/drugs/psychiatrics

2This medication is approved for the treatment of fibromyalgia, specifically not depression, although is listed as an antidepressant in Medscape Reference.

SNRI (Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor)

1PubMed Central, Desvenlafaxine in major depressive disorder: an evidence-based review of its place in therapy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2899788/?tool=pubmed

AntidepressantMedications for Depression

1Medscape Reference, Depression: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

Depression and Weight Gain, Depression and Weight Loss

1May Clinic, Antidepressants and weight gain: What causes It? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants-and-weight-gain/AN01396

Antidepressants and Weight Gain – SSRIs and Weight Gain

1WebMD, Far Pharms: Antidepressants and Weight Gain: http://www.webmd.com/depression/features/antidepressants-weight-gain

2Medscape Reference, Psychiatrics: http://reference.medscape.com/drugs/psychiatrics

3Mayo Clinic, Antidepressants and weight gain: What causes it? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants-and-weight-gain/AN01396

What is Serotonin Syndrome? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

1Mayo Clinic, Serotonin Syndrome: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/serotonin-syndrome/DS00860

Antidepressant Side Effects and How to Manage Them

1Mayo Clinic, Antidepressants: Get tips to cope with side effects: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants/MH00062

Natural Antidepressants: An Alternative to Antidepressants

1Hypericum Depression Trial Study Group. Effect of Hypericumperforatum (St. John's wort) in major depressive disorder: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 2002; 287(14): 1807 14.

2Mayo Clinic, Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression/DS00175

Depression Therapy: How Psychotherapy for Depression Works

American Psychological Association Fact Sheet

Antidepressants and Alcohol Don't Mix

1McKim, William, Drugs and Behavior, Pearson Education, 2007

2Mayo Clinic, Antidepressants and alcohol: What is the concern? http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants-and-alcohol/AN01653

Antidepressants and Marijuana (Weed): Is There Any Harm?

1National Health Services (England), Does cannabis interaction with antidepressants or lithium? http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/865.aspx?CategoryID=73&SubCategoryID=103

2Medscape Reference, Marijuana: http://reference.medscape.com/drug/cannabis-ganja-marijuana-343687#3

Managing Antidepressant Sexual Side Effects

1Brink, S. Are antidepressants taking the edge off love? Los Angeles Times, pp. F8. July 30, 2007.

2Sexual Side Effects Of Antidepressants Common, But Still Seriously Underestimated By Physicians. (n.d.). Retrieved January 1, 2012, from healthyplace.com/communities/depression/treatment/antidepressants/sexual_side_effects_2.asp (no longer available)

SSRI Antidepressants: About SSRIs, Side-Effects, Withdrawal

1From Making the Prozac Decision: A Guide to Antidepressants, by arrangement with RGA Publishing, Inc.

2Antidepressant discontinuation reactions.

3British Medical Journal 1998; 316:1105-1106 (11 April)

4Depression in primary care, Vol 2. "Treatment of Major Depression," US Department of Health and Human Services, 1993 (Clinical practice guidelines No. 5).

5"Antidepressants," Royal College of Psychiatrists, Dec. 2004

6Antidepressants, SSRIs, Medscape Reference: http://reference.medscape.com/drugs/antidepressants-ssris

7Depression, Medscape Reference: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/286759

8Antidepressant withdrawal: Is there such a thing?, Mayo Clinic, http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressant-withdrawal/AN01425

SNRI (Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor)

1Anderson IM. Meta-analytical studies on new antidepressants. Br Med Bull. 2001;57:161-178.

2Cymbalta [package insert]. Indianapolis, IN: Eli Lilly and Company; May 10, 2007.

3Effexor XR [package insert]. Philadelphia, PA: Wyeth-Ayerst; March 2007.

4Perahia DG, Pritchett YL, Kajdasz DK, et al. A randomized, double-blind comparison of duloxetine and venlafaxine in the treatment of patients with major depressive disorder. J Psychiatr Res. Epublished ahead of print. April 17, 2007.

5Perahia DG, Kajdasz DK, Royer MG, Walker DJ, Raskin J. Duloxetine in the treatment of major depressive disorder: an assessment of the relationship between outcomes and episode characteristics. IntClinPsychopharmacol. 2006 Sep;21(5):285-295.

6Gartlehner G, Hansen RA, Thieda P, et al. Comparative Effectiveness of Second-Generation Antidepressants in the Pharmacologic Treatment of Adult Depression. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 7. (Prepared by RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0016.) Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. January 2007. Available at: www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/final.cfm. Accessed January 25, 2007.

7A Surgeon General's Perspective: Achieving Remission in Depression, (CME course) Dec. 15, 2004.

8(Throughout) Medscape Reference, Antidepressants, SNRIs: http://reference.medscape.com/drugs/antidepressants-snris

Tricyclic Antidepressants: How Tricyclics Work, Side Effects

1"Copyright © 1997. RGA Publishing Group. From Making the Prozac Decision: A Guide to Antidepressants, by arrangement with RGA Publishing, Inc."

2New Source: Medscape Reference, Antidepressants, TCAs: http://reference.medscape.com/drugs/antidepressants-tcas

MAOI Antidepressants: What are MAO Inhibitors?

1"Copyright © 1997 Do Antidepressants Lose Their Effect? From Making the Prozac Decision: A Guide to Antidepressants, by arrangement with RGA Publishing, Inc."

2Medscape Reference, Antidepressants, MAOIs: http://reference.medscape.com/drugs/antidepressants-mao-inhibitors

What is a Depression Relapse? Can You Prevent a Depression Relapse?

Boyle Wheeler, R. (2016), 7 factors that can trigger a depression relapse. Everyday Health. Retrieved
November 2019 from https://www.everydayhealth.com/hs/major-depression-health-well-being/factors-can-trigger-depression-relapse/

Levine, D. (2017). Depression relapse: What can trigger it and how to prevent it. U.S. News & World
Report. Retrieved November 2019 from https://health.usnews.com/health-care/patient-advice/articles/2017-06-13/depression-relapse-what-can-trigger-it-and-how-to-prevent-it

Smith, A. (2019). What are the early signs of a depression relapse? Medical News Today. Retrieved
November 2019 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320269.php

WebMD Medical Reference. (2018). Depression relapse: What to do first. WebMD. Retrieved November
2019 from https://www.webmd.com/depression/depression-relapse#1

What Depression Treatments are Available Today? 

Brain stimulation therapies. (2016). National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved November 2019 from
https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/brain-stimulation-therapies/brain-stimulation-therapies.shtml

Depression. (2017). National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Retrieved November 2019 from
https://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression/Treatment

Gillihan, S. (2017). 27 facts about the best ways to treat depression. Psychology Today. Retrieved
November 2017 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/think-act-be/201706/27-facts-about-the-best-ways-treat-depression       
 
Peterson, T. (2018). Which foods help your depression? HealthyPlace. Retrieved November 2019 from
https://www.healthyplace.com/depression/food-and-depression/which-foods-help-your-depression

Saisan, J., Smith, M., & Segal, J. (2019). Depression treatment. HelpGuide. Retrieved November 2019
 from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/depression/depression-treatment.htm

Depression Treatment Centers: Types and How They Help

Residential treatment. (n.d.). Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). Retrieved November 2019 from https://adaa.org/living-with-anxiety/treatment/qa-what-is-residential-treatment

Schimelpfening, N. (2019). What happens when you are hospitalized for depression? How to know when it’s time to check yourself in. verywell mind. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-happens-when-you-are-hospitalized-for-depression-1067262    

The Treatment Specialist. (2019). Retreats for depression and anxiety. Mental Health Hope. Retrieved November 2019 from https://mentalhealthhope.com/retreats-for-depression-and-anxiety/

What is a Depression Relapse and Should I Expect to Have One?

Boyle Wheeler, R. (2016), 7 factors that can trigger a depression relapse. Everyday Health. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.everydayhealth.com/hs/major-depression-health-well-being/factors-can-trigger-depression-relapse/

Burcusa, S.L., & Iacono, W.G. (2007). Risk for recurrence in depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 27(8), 959-985. Retrieved December 2019 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2169519/

Levine, D. (2017). Depression relapse: What can trigger it and how to prevent it. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved November 2019 from https://health.usnews.com/health-care/patient-advice/articles/2017-06-13/depression-relapse-what-can-trigger-it-and-how-to-prevent-it

WebMD Medical Reference. (2018). Depression relapse: What to do first. WebMD. Retrieved November 2019 from https://www.webmd.com/depression/depression-relapse#1

Which Depression Supplements Work? Which Don't?

Apaydin, E. A., Maher, A. R., Shanman, R., Booth, M. S., Miles, J. N. V., Sorbero, M. E., & Hempel, S. (2016). A systematic review of St. John’s wort for major depressive disorder. Systematic Reviews, 5 (1), 148. DOI: 10.1186/s13643-016-0325-2

Firth, J., Teasdale, S. B., Allott, K., Siskind, D., Marx, W., Cotter, J., Veronese, N., Schuch, F., Smith, L., Solmi, M., Carvalho, A. F., Vancampfort, D., Berk, M., Stubbs, B., & Sarris, J. (2019, September 09). The efficacy and safety of nutrient supplements in the treatment of mental disorders: A meta-review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. World Psychiatry, 18 (3), 308-324. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20672

Firth, J., Stubbs, B., Teasdale, S. B., Ward, P. B., Veronese, N., Shivappa, N., Hebert, J. R., Berk, M., Yung, A. R., & Sarris, J. (2018, October 17). Diet as a hot topic in psychiatry: A population-scale study of nutritional intake and inflammatory potential in severe mental illness. World Psychiatry, 17 (3), 365-367. DOI: 10.1002/wps.20571

Sharma, A., Gerbarg, P., Bottiglieri, T., Massoumi, L., Carpenter, L. L., Lavretsky, H., Muskin, P. R., Brown, R. P., & Mischoulon, D. (2017). S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) for neuropsychiatric disorders: A clinician-oriented review of research. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 78 (6), e656-e667. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.16r11113

What Should I Look for in a Depression Therapist?

American Psychological Association. (2020). APA psychologist locator. Retrieved January 16, 2020 from https://locator.apa.org/

National Institute of Mental Health. (n.d.). Major depression. Retrieved January 16, 2020, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/major-depression.shtml

National Register of Health Service Psychologists. (2020). Find a psychologist. Retrieved January 16, 2020 from https://www.findapsychologist.org

What to Do About Depression After Surgery

MD Magazine. (2008, August 27). Are You Paying Attention to Postoperative Depression? Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from https://www.mdmag.com/medical-news/postoperative-depression

Tracy, Natasha. (2019, December 12). What Are the Symptoms of Depression and Depressive Disorder? Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from  https://www.healthyplace.com/depression/symptoms/depression-symptoms-what-are-the-symptoms-of-depression

Ghoneim, M. M., & O'Hara, M. W. (2016). Depression and postoperative complications: an overview. Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from BMC surgery, 16, 5. doi:10.1186/s12893-016-0120-y

MedlinePlus. (n.d). Getting Out of Bed After Surgery. Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000174.htm

Collingwood, Jane. (2018, October 8). Can Nutrition Help Fight or Ward Off Depression? Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from  https://psychcentral.com/lib/can-nutrition-help-fight-or-ward-off-depression/

John Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.) Depression and Sleep: Understanding the Connection. Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/depression-and-sleep-understanding-the-connection

WebMD. (n.d) Exercise and Depression. Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from https://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/exercise-depression

Learning Mind. (n.d.). 7 Great Hobbies that are Scientifically Proven to Reduce Anxiety and Depression. Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from https://www.learning-mind.com/great-hobbies-anxiety-depression/

Beck, Julie. 2015, November 18. How to Get Better at Expressing Emotions. Retrieved on 2019, December 21 from https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/11/how-to-get-better-at-expressing-emotions/416493/

Alternative Treatments

Natural Depression Treatment: Herbal, Natural Remedies for Depression

1Hypericum Depression Trial Study Group. Effect of Hypericumperforatum (St. John's wort) in major depressive disorder: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 2002; 287(14): 1807 14.

2National Institute of Mental Health, Depression Diagnostic Evaluation and Treatment: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/men-and-depression/diagnostic-evaluation-and-treatment.shtml

3Mayo Clinic, Depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/depression/DS00175

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) for Depression

1Wikipedia, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RTMS

2Corpus Callosum, Another rTMS Update: http://scienceblogs.com/corpuscallosum/2010/05/another_rtms_update.php

3MindCare, Frequently Asked Questions: http://www.mindcarecentres.com/whatisrtms/faq.aspx

Does Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Work?

1Mayo Clinic, Deep brain stimulation for depression: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/deep-brain-stimulation/MY00184

2Chicago Tribune, Expertise counts with deep brain stimulation: http://newsblogs.chicagotribune.com/triage/2008/09/expertise-count.html

Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Treating Depression

1Medscape Reference, Neuromodulation Surgery for Psychiatric Disorders: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1343677

2Oregon Health and Science University, Rapid Review Draft Report: Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Depression: http://www.oregon.gov/OHA/OHPR/HRC/docs/HRC.Reports/VNS_Dep_Final_Report_Revised_8.20-.09_2_1.pdf?ga=t

3Cyberonics, Insurance Information: http://depression.cyberonics.com/depression/insuranceinformation/

ECT

Shock Treatment for Depression: How ECT Shock Therapy Works

1Mayo Clinic Staff, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). Mayo Clinic. Accessed January 19, 2019. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1525957-overview#showall

2Kalapatapu , Raj K. et al, Electroconvulsive Therapy. Medscape. Jan. 12, 2015. https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/electroconvulsive-therapy/about/pac-20393894

Maintenance ECT: Why Some People Need Continuation ECT

1PubMed, A review of continuation electroconvulsive therapy: application, safety, and efficacy: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20805727

2PubMed, Retrospective study of continuation electroconvulsive therapy in 50 patients: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20357668

3PubMed, Efficacy of maintenance electroconvulsive therapy in recurrent depression: a naturalistic study: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18772702

4Medscape Reference, Electroconvulsive Therapy: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1525957

ECT Therapy for Depression: Is ECT Treatment Safe?

1Medscape Reference, Electroconvulsive Therapy: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1525957

2PubMed, The Mortality Rate with ECT: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9342128

Effects of ECT, ECT Side Effects

1PubMed, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) increases serum Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in drug resistant depressed patients: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16757154

2PubMed, Electroconvulsive therapy, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and possible neurorestorative benefit of the clinical application of electroconvulsive therapy: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18580563

3Medscape Reference, Electroconvulsive Therapy: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1525957

4HealthyPlace, The Effects of Electroconvulsive Therapy on Memory of Autobiographical and Public Events: http://www.healthyplace.com/depression/ect/effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-memory-of-autobiographical-and-public-events/menu-id-68/

5PubMed, Efficacy of ECT in depression: a meta-analytic review: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15087991

History of ECT: How the ECT Procedure Developed

1Medscape Reference, Electroconvulsive Therapy: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1525957

2Wikipedia, Electroconvulsive Therapy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electroconvulsive_therapy

ECT Videos

1PubMed, Efficacy of ECT in depression: a meta-analytic review: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15087991

ECT Problems

1Medscape Reference, Electroconvulsive Therapy: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1525957

Self-Help

Feeling Depressed? What To Do When You Feel Depressed

1National Institute of Mental Health, How Can I Help Myself if I'm Depressed? http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/women-and-depression-discovering-hope/how-can-i-help-myself-if-i-am-depressed.shtml

Anxiety and Depression

Relationship Between Anxiety and Depression

1PubMed, Suicide risk assessment: a review of risk factors for suicide in 100 patients who made severe suicide attempts. Evaluation of suicide risk in a time of managed care: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9989117?dopt=Abstract

Depression Support

Depression Support: Why You Need It, Where to Find It

[i]WebMD, Depression Support: http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depresssion-support

[ii]Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance, About Support Groups and Chapters: http://www.dbsalliance.org/site/PageServer?pagename=support_supportgroups

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APA Reference
Tracy, N. (2012, January 1). Depression References, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2020, February 28 from https://www.healthyplace.com/depression/depression-information/depression-references

Last Updated: February 23, 2020

Medically reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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